Zika Virus

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Duncan
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Zika Virus

Post by Duncan » Fri Jan 22, 2016 11:27 am

Like me, you have probably never heard of it. Asia news channel had an American lady saying , because of the increase in infections, people, especially pregnant woman should say indoors and make sure your house has insect screens on the windows as the mosquito that carries the virus can bite in the daytime and at night.
Can someone please tell the poor people in the villages that message.


Zika Virus
Infection,
Cambodia, 2010
To the Editor: Zika virus (ZIKV),
a member of the family Flaviviridae,
genus Flavivirus, was fi rst isolated
from the blood of a sentinel rhesus
monkey from the Zika Forest of Uganda
in 1948 (1). Since that time, serologic
studies and virus isolations have
demonstrated that the virus has a wide
geographic distribution, including
eastern and western Africa; the Indian
subcontinent; Southeast Asia; and
most recently, Micronesia (2–5). The
virus is transmitted primarily through
the bite of infected mosquitoes and
most likely is maintained in a zoonotic
cycle involving nonhuman primates
(1), although recent evidence suggests
the possibility of occasional sexual
transmission in humans (4). Few case
reports have described the clinical
characteristics of ZIKV infection
in humans. Most reports describe
a self-limiting febrile illness that
could easily be mistaken for another
arboviral infection, such as dengue
or chikungunya fever. We report a
confi rmed case of ZIKV infection in
Cambodia.
Since 2006, the US Naval Medical
Research Unit No. 2 (NAMRU-2) has
conducted surveillance for acute fever
to determine causes of the infection
among patients who seek health care
at local clinics in Cambodia. Patients
were enrolled by the health clinic
physician after they gave informed
consent in accordance with an
institutional review board protocol
approved by NAMRU-2 and the
National Ethics Committee for Human
Research of Cambodia. At enrollment,
the physician administered a
questionnaire and collected specimens
(blood and throat swabs). All items
were transported to the NAMRU-2
laboratory in Phnom Penh, where
testing was conducted for a variety
of viral, bacterial, and parasitic
pathogens. In August 2010, a blood
specimen was collected from a 3-yearold
boy at a health clinic in Kampong
Speu Province, Cambodia. The child’s
reported clinical symptoms included
4 days of fever and sore throat and
cough and a headache for 3 days. A
maculopapular rash was not observed,
and the boy was not hospitalized. The
clinic staff conducted a follow-up
interview and reported that the patient
recovered fully.
ZIKV infection was confi rmed in
this patient by using PCR, sequencing,
and serology and through virus
isolation. ELISA for chikungunya and
dengue virus IgM and IgG antibodies
on acute- and convalescent-phase
serum was negative. A universal
fl avivirus real-time PCR screen that
targets the nonstructural (NS) 5 gene
(6) determined that the patient’s
serum was positive for fl avivirus
RNA, but subsequent species-specifi c
PCR ruled out 2 other fl aviviruses
that are highly endemic to the region
(dengue and Japanese encephalitis
viruses) (7–9). This result was the
fi rst nondengue, non–Japanese
encephalitis virus fl avivirus detected
after samples from ≈10,000 enrolled
patients were tested. Nucleic acid
sequencing of the amplicon isolated
by gel purifi cation produced a 100-
bp fragment with 100% sequence
identity to ZIKV (nucleotide position
8,969 of the NS5 gene of the isolate
GenBank accession no. EU545988).
ZIKV infection subsequently
was serologically confi rmed by
hemagglutination-inhibition tests on
paired
Cambodia,,,, Don't fall in love with her.
Like the spoilt child she is, she will not be happy till she destroys herself from within and breaks your heart.
Anchor Moy
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Re: Zika Virus

Post by Anchor Moy » Fri Jan 22, 2016 12:33 pm

Stop getting pregnant ?
Jamaican authorities have advised the country’s women to avoid becoming pregnant in the next six months to a year, as the mosquito-transmitted Zika virus sweeps through South and Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean...
Zika is thought to cause microcephaly when it infects pregnant women, a rare condition that causes infants to develop abnormally small heads and incomplete brains.
Studies have not established a definitive link between Zika and microcephaly, but the virus has been confirmed in babies with the birth defect and it is transmissible between a woman and her fetus. In Brazil, the incidence of microcephaly in infants increased 20-fold from 2014 to 2015, when the country reported its first Zika case...
http://www.slate.com/blogs/xx_factor/20 ... _zika.html
And why is nobody talking about this in Cambodia ?
prahkeitouj
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Re: Zika Virus

Post by prahkeitouj » Sat Jan 23, 2016 10:30 pm

Only happen to pregnant women?
កុំស្លាប់ដូចពស់ កុំរស់ដូចកង្កែប
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cptrelentless
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Re: Zika Virus

Post by cptrelentless » Sat Jan 23, 2016 10:49 pm

You can still get Japanese Encephalitis here
Anchor Moy
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Re: Zika Virus

Post by Anchor Moy » Sun Jan 24, 2016 9:45 am

prahkeitouj wrote:Only happen to pregnant women?

No, it happens to everyone, but pregnant women who are infected can pass the virus to the foetus. It is suspected that foetus' infected by the virus will be born with malformations.

Zika is thought to cause microcephaly when it infects pregnant women, a rare condition that causes infants to develop abnormally small heads and incomplete brains.
So, in some areas where there is a lot of Zika virus, the authorities are advising women not to get pregnant for the moment because there is a higher than usual chance of having a malformed baby.
wasabi
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Re: Zika Virus

Post by wasabi » Sun Jan 24, 2016 3:41 pm

There hasn't been a case of ZV in Cambodia for 3-4 years - carry on...... nothing to see here :hattip:

And even if it is present, it is hardly epidemic, let alone pandemic!

Scaremongering!
Anchor Moy
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Re: Zika Virus

Post by Anchor Moy » Sun Jan 24, 2016 8:09 pm

Anchor Moy wrote:
prahkeitouj wrote:Only happen to pregnant women?

No, it happens to everyone, but pregnant women who are infected can pass the virus to the foetus. It is suspected that foetus' infected by the virus will be born with malformations.

Zika is thought to cause microcephaly when it infects pregnant women, a rare condition that causes infants to develop abnormally small heads and incomplete brains.
So, in some areas where there is a lot of Zika virus, the authorities are advising women not to get pregnant for the moment because there is a higher than usual chance of having a malformed baby.
wasabi wrote:There hasn't been a case of ZV in Cambodia for 3-4 years - carry on...... nothing to see here :hattip:
And even if it is present, it is hardly epidemic, let alone pandemic!
Scaremongering!
Fair enough. Didn't mean to make this sound like a Cambodian problem, nor to scaremonger; just replying to LS :
The big concern with the ZV and pregnant women is not for the women themselves, but it seems likely that the virus may cause defects in the unborn child.
(CNN)The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention on Friday night advised pregnant women to postpone travel to Mexico, Puerto Rico and parts of Central America and South America due to the presence of the Zika virus.
The CDC action was prompted by tests that found Zika, a mosquito-borne illness, in fetal and newborn tissue of Brazilian babies affected with microcephaly. The agency said additional studies are needed.
The advisory lists Brazil, Colombia, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Martinique, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Suriname, Venezuela and Puerto Rico...
http://edition.cnn.com/2016/01/15/healt ... nings-cdc/
nemo
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Re: Zika Virus

Post by nemo » Sun Jan 24, 2016 8:26 pm

It is crucial to instruct the natives in the proper vigilance in eliminating water receptacles.
Many mosquitoes that carry dangerous diseases only fly 100 meters from the place they emerge as adults; thus eradication is very simple with education and civil enforcement as has been demonstrated in Malaysia, Thailand, and Australia in mitigation of recurrent seasonal dengue outbreaks.
prahkeitouj
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Re: RE: Re: Zika Virus

Post by prahkeitouj » Tue Jan 26, 2016 9:34 am

Anchor Moy wrote:
prahkeitouj wrote:Only happen to pregnant women?

No, it happens to everyone, but pregnant women who are infected can pass the virus to the foetus. It is suspected that foetus' infected by the virus will be born with malformations.

Zika is thought to cause microcephaly when it infects pregnant women, a rare condition that causes infants to develop abnormally small heads and incomplete brains.
So, in some areas where there is a lot of Zika virus, the authorities are advising women not to get pregnant for the moment because there is a higher than usual chance of having a malformed baby.
Is it the way to control population increasing ?
កុំស្លាប់ដូចពស់ កុំរស់ដូចកង្កែប
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Duncan
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Re: RE: Re: Zika Virus

Post by Duncan » Tue Jan 26, 2016 11:07 am

prahkeitouj wrote:
Anchor Moy wrote:
prahkeitouj wrote:Only happen to pregnant women?

No, it happens to everyone, but pregnant women who are infected can pass the virus to the foetus. It is suspected that foetus' infected by the virus will be born with malformations.

Zika is thought to cause microcephaly when it infects pregnant women, a rare condition that causes infants to develop abnormally small heads and incomplete brains.
So, in some areas where there is a lot of Zika virus, the authorities are advising women not to get pregnant for the moment because there is a higher than usual chance of having a malformed baby.

Is it the way to control population increasing ?


There is a better way,,, Tell all girls to keep their legs crossed.
Cambodia,,,, Don't fall in love with her.
Like the spoilt child she is, she will not be happy till she destroys herself from within and breaks your heart.
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