Factories Can Impact on 'Modern Slavery' Conditions

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Factories Can Impact on 'Modern Slavery' Conditions

Post by CEOCambodiaNews »

Survivors of modern slavery report positive life changes through employment in Cambodia factory
By University of Nottingham - October 17, 2020

A new study by the University of Nottingham’s Rights Lab has found a link between employment at Outland Denim’s manufacturing facilities in Cambodia and a ‘freedom dividend’ for formerly enslaved young women and their peers.

In a world-first case study and report assessing the fashion brand’s factory workforce, modern slavery expert and Rights Lab Research Director Professor Kevin Bales identifies the effects that the company’s socially responsible business model is having on its employees.

The report is particularly relevant to the fashion industry and wider business community as the United Nations asks governments and businesses to ‘build back better’ in the wake of COVID-19. Outland Denim and the Rights Lab aim to demonstrate to industry the global benefits of impact-led business, further encourage businesses to identify risks of modern slavery in their supply chains, and encourage governments to prioritise legislation that further supports the eradication of modern slavery.

In full: https://www.nottingham.ac.uk/news/survi ... t-cambodia
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Re: Factories Can Impact on 'Modern Slavery' Conditions

Post by CEOCambodiaNews »

Positive change in Cambodian garment sector due to ILO BWP
24 Oct '20

Cambodian factories receiving the full package of services by Better Factories Cambodia (BFC) achieved improvements in compliance systematically above the industry average, say findings by BFC that draws on the results from a broad independent impact assessment study conducted by Tufts University on behalf of the Better Work Programme (BWP) between 2015 and 2018.

The study reveals that being part of Better Factories Cambodia leads to a decrease in long hours of work that are typical in the apparel sector. At the same time, workers maintain or increase their weekly take-home pay, which researchers attribute to increased compliance with pay regulations, including as minimum wages were rising in the sector.

It also indicates an increase in life satisfaction, which tends to improve among workers, particularly after three years of an employer’s participation in the programme.

The eradication of violence and harassment, including sexual harassment, in the workplace is also a crucial factor in furthering the increase in worker well-being. On average, workers in the industry are young migrants hailing from then country’s rural areas, with women making up about 80 per cent of the employed workforce.

Findings confirmed the often-observed dynamic whereby young women without children are more likely to become victims of sexual harassment due to stereotyping and gendered beliefs that intersect with age and life stage.

Researchers found that by the third-year assessment, workers report that sexual harassment across the factory floor is less common, an effect they attribute to their factory’s participation in Better Factories Cambodia. Results also suggest that organizational tolerance for sexual harassment is reduced while being part of Better Work.

Still, only less than half of the workers surveyed believe that an adequate reporting system for sexual harassment exists in their factory, suggesting that grievance procedures and anti-harassment training still have significant room for improvement.

Through two newly published briefs—‘Harnessing Compliance to Improve Well-being and Productivity: The Impact of Better Factories Cambodia’ and ‘Gender and Care Responsibilities: Examining the differences for garment workers in Better Factories Cambodia’—the programme is set to highlight survey results gathered from workers and managers about topics ranging from working conditions to factory operations and their life at home.

The Better Work Programme is a partnership between the International Labour Organisation (ILO) and the International Finance Corporation (IFC). It was launched in August 2006 to improve labour standards and competitiveness in global supply chains.

The data covers 57 Cambodian apparel factories, or 12 per cent of the programme’s affiliated firms, according to a press release from the programme.
Full article: https://www.fibre2fashion.com/news/appa ... fashion%29
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Re: Factories Can Impact on 'Modern Slavery' Conditions

Post by armchairlawyer »

Sexual harassment "sells" in the West.
From my research on behalf of a western college in 2017 .These were the results:

In some factories, working on days off and on public holidays was compulsory. This overtime was paid at the normal hourly rate with no added pay.
In some factories it was required to work ten or twelve hour days.
Working some distance from home so it was necessary to rent a room. Typically to rent a room jointly with four other young women, that would be about 4m square, including a bathroom (think about that for a minute). One person's share of the cost was $11 in 2004, going up to $32 in 2017.
Transport to and from work cost $2.50 in 2004, going up to $10 in 2017.

The main problems working in factories were:
The employer was sometimes late in paying the salary. The workers would be told they would get it one day late, then again another delay. It usually came within three days
Sometimes they would be laid off for an indefinite time due to lack of work for the factory.
When they got a pay rise, the rent for the rooms would go up so they lost all off the pay rise.
Sometimes the boss would be aggressive and rude.
Transport to and from work was in an open truck in which they had to stand shoulder to shoulder. The drivers were not trained and there were many accidents.
Sexual assaults did not occur. Sometimes the boss would take a fancy to a pretty girl but there was no compulsion.
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