537 - Pope Paul III banned the enslavement of Indians.
1793 - Maximillian Robespierre initiated the "Reign of Terror". It was an effort to purge those suspected of treason against the French Republic.
1818 - The British army defeated the Maratha alliance in Bombay, India.
1851 - Maine became the first U.S. state to enact a law prohibiting alcohol.
1896 - Guglieimo Marconi's radio was patented in the U.S.
1910 - Charles Stewart Roll became the first person to fly non-stop and double cross the English Channel.
1924 - The United States grants full citizenship to American Indians
1928 - Nationalist Chiang Kai-shek captured Peking, China.
1930 - Mrs. M. Niezes of Panama gave birth to the first baby to be born on a ship while passing through the Panama Canal.
1933 - U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt accepted the first swimming pool to be built inside the White House.
1940 - Heavy German bombing on Dunkirk beach
1946 - Italian plebiscite chooses republic over monarchy (National Day)
1951 - Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Evangelii praecones
1953 - Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II in Westminster Abbey, London
1954 - John Costello (Cons) becomes premier of Ireland
1954 - U.S. Senator Joseph McCarthy charged that there were communists working in the CIA and atomic weapons plants.
1962 - 32nd French Mens Tennis: Rod Laver beats Roy Emerson (36 26 63 97 62)
1964 - Rolling Stones 1st US concert tour debuts in Lynn, Mass
1966 - Surveyor 1, the U.S. space probe, landed on the moon and started sending photographs back to Earth of the Moon's surface. It was the first soft landing on the Moon.
1967 - Race riots in Roxbury section of Boston
1968 - Canadians must get government permission to export silver
1969 - Australian aircraft carrier HMAS Melbourne slices US destroyer USS Frank E Evans in half, killing 74 (South Vietnam)
1974 - Malta's constitution goes into effect
1975 - First recorded snowfall in London in June
1976 - East Timor People's Assembly accepts annexation by Indonesia
1979 - John Paul II becomes 1st pope to visit a communist country (Poland)
1979 - NASA launches space vehicle S-198
1983 - Toilet catches fire on Air Canada's DC-9, 23 die at Cincinnati
1984 - Actress Jill Ireland has a radical mastectomy
1989 - "Dead Poets Society" starring Robin Williams premieres
1989 - 10,000 Chinese soldiers are blocked by 100,000 citizens protecting students demonstrating for democracy in Tiananmen Square, Beijing
1989 - Rolling Stones Bill Wyman marries Mandy Smith
1994 - Chinook helicopter crashes in North Scotland (29 killed)
1994 - Indonesian censors ban Steven Spielberg's "Schindler's List"
1997 - Timothy McVeigh found guilty of 1995 Oklahoma City bombing, killing 168
1998 - Voters in California passed Proposition 227. The act abolished the state's 30-year-old bilingual education program by requiring that all children be taught in English.
1999 - The Bhutan Broadcasting Service brings television transmissions to the Kingdom for the first time.
1999 - In South Africa, the African National Congress (ANC) won a major victory. ANC leader Thabo Mbeki was to succeed Nelson Mandela as the nation's president.
2003 - Europe launches its first voyage to another planet, Mars. The European Space Agency's Mars Express probe launches from the Baikonur space centre in Kazakhstan.
1731 - Martha Washington â€“ Political Wife
1774 - William Lawson, explorer of New South Wales, Australia (d. 1850)
1806 - Isaac Strauss, composer
1840 - Thomas Hardy, Author
1904 - Johnny Weissmuller, actor (Tarzan)/100m swimmer (Oly-5 gold-1924, 28)
1921 - Alexander Salkind, producer (Superman)
1930 - Pete Conrad, Astronaut (3rd person to walk on the moon)
1934 - Johnny Carter, US singer (Give your baby a standing ovation)
1936 - Sally Kellerman, actress (M*A*S*H, Back to School)
1936 - Otis Williams, US Singer
1937 - Jimmy Jones, rocker
1940 - Constantine II, deposed King of Greece (1964-73)
1941 - Charlie Watts, drummer (Rolling Stones-Brown Sugar)
1941 - Stacy Keach, actor (Mickey Spillane's Mike Hammer)
1945 - Bob Benrit, rocker
1946 - Peter Sutcliffe, English murderer "The Yorkshire Ripper"
1948 - Jerry Mathers, actor (Beaver-Leave It To Beaver)
1950 - Toni Alessandrini, actress (Vice Academy Part 2)
1951 - Steve Brookins, rocker (.38 Special)
1960 - Tony Hadley, rock vocalist (Spandau Ballet-True)
1961 - John Cameroon, guitarist (Claw Boys Claw)
1961 - Kerry Junna-Saxby, Australian 10k walker (Olympics-15th-1992, 96)
1961 - Dez Cadena, American musician (Black Flag)
1964 - Caroline Link, German film director and screenwriter
1965 - Mark Waugh, cricketer (twin of Steve mighty batsman for Australia)
1965 - Steve Waugh, cricketer (twin of Mark mighty batsman for Australia)
1968 - Beetlejuice, member of Howard Stern's Wack
1968 - Jon Culshaw, British comedian and impressionist
1972 - Wayne Brady, American actor and comedian (The Wayne Brady Show, Whose Line Is It Anyway?)
1976 - Rachel White, Miss America-Nebraska (1997)
1976 - Queen 'Masenate Mohato Seeiso, Queen consort of Lesotho
1978 - Nikki Cox, actress (Unhappily Ever After)
1978 - A.J. Styles, American professional wrestler
1567 - Shane O'Neill, Irish chieftain
1572 - Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk, executed at 36
1701 - Madeleine de ScudÃ©ry, French writer (b. 1607)
1754 - Ebenezer Erskine, Scottish religious dissenter (b. 1680)
1929 - Charles Coventry, cricketer (13 runs in 2 Tests Eng v S Af 1889), dies
1941 - Lou Gehrig, 1st baseman (NY Yankee), dies of ALS in Riverdale NY at 37
1948 - Viktor Brack, Nazi physician (b. 1904)
1948 - Karl Brandt, personal physician of Adolf Hitler (b. 1904)
1948 - Karl Gebhardt, Nazi doctor (b. 1897)
1948 - Waldemar Hoven, German physician (b. 1903)
1948 - Wolfram Sievers, Nazi physician (b. 1905)
1949 - Ernest Ford, composer, dies at 91
1961 - George S Kaufman, playwright/dir/pulitzer prize winner, dies at 72
1976 - Juan JosÃ© Torres, former President of Bolivia, assassinated in the frame of Operation Condor
1982 - Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry, Pakistani politician (b. 1904)
1983 - Stan Rogers, musician, dies in aircraft fire
1990 - Frederick Mellinger, founder of Fredericks of Hollywood, dies at 76
1990 - Rex Harrison, actor (My Fair Lady), dies of cancer at 82
1990 - Robert Noyce, co-inventor (semi-conductor)/founder (Intel), dies
2006 - Keith Smith, English professional rugby player (b. 1952)
2006 - Vince Welnick, musician, keyboardist (The Grateful Dead) (b. 1951)
2007 - Huang Ju, Chinese Vice-Premier
2008 - Bo Diddley, American musician (b. 1928)
2013 - Douglas Engelbart, American scientist and inventor, dies at 88