Shortage pushes cashew prices up.

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Re: Shortage pushes cashew prices up.

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South Korea investigating cashew plant in Cambodia
Sok Raksa | Publication date 04 August 2023 | 12:46 ICT

A South Korean agricultural resources association has announced that it intends to examine the possibility of establishing a cashew processing plant in Cambodia, which could help increase the export of value-added cashew products to the world.

The intention was revealed at an August 3 meeting between Reach Ra, secretary of state at the Ministry of Commerce and a representative from the Korea Overseas Agro-Resourced Association (AOAA).

The Korean delegation, led by project manager Heo Jang, had arrived in Cambodia specifically to examine and discuss the possibility of establishing the plant.

Heo Jang informed the Cambodian participants of the associations intention to promote the sector, noting that the majority of the Kingdom’s exported cashews are unprocessed, resulting in the loss of added value.
https://www.phnompenhpost.com/business/ ... t-cambodia
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Re: Shortage pushes cashew prices up.

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Cambodia’s cashew pioneers
August 18, 2023
ANN/THE PHNOM PENH POST – Cambodia’s renowned cashew experts have successfully cultivated four exceptional cashew variants – M-23, M-10, IM-4, and H-09 – all of which have now been officially registered by its Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries.

These newly established varieties are hailed as the country’s most prized cashew selections, attaining validation from the Cashew Nut Association of Cambodia (CAC).

Cashew research and cultivation expert Var Roth San proudly explained his involvement.

“I was the cultivator of the M-23 and M-10 cashews,” he said, also naming Tal Nai Im and Kaing Siekhor as the cultivators of the other two prized varieties.

The registration process to protect these four cashew varieties was no small feat. It took years of dedication and determination, finally culminating in the ministry’s decision to officially register them in May of this year.
https://borneobulletin.com.bn/cambodias ... -pioneers/
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Re: Shortage pushes cashew prices up.

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This is about a recent increase in domestic processing capacity (of M23 variety).

PHNOM PENH: To boost the domestic processing capacity and achieve Cambodia’s 2027 goal of becoming a leading nation in not just the cultivation of cashews but their processing and export, it is estimated that at least 50 medium-sized processing facilities will be required, according to insiders. At present there are three.

Uon Silot, president of the Cashew nut Association of Cambodia (CAC), shares that more than 90 per cent of the Kingdom’s raw cashews are currently exported to neighbouring countries for further processing.

One of the existing facilities, “Cashew Village”, is tucked away in the picturesque Banteay Srei district, approximately 25km northeast of Siem Reap town and province.

Founded by Phal Phearum in 2022, this community-driven cashew processing operation has transformed from a small local endeavour to a thriving business which is ready to tap into global export markets.

The journey began with a collaborative effort between Phearum and cashew farmers from Banteay Srei and adjacent Phnom Kulen district.

Together, they began processing cashew nuts, providing meaningful employment opportunities for six individuals, the majority of them women.

“We buy high-quality nuts from farmers and process them immediately,” said Phearum, who initially worked as a tour guide in the Angkor area after graduating.

“We want good products that will reach consumers, rather than seeing our farmers sell raw nuts to foreign companies which process them and then import the finished products back to us,” he adds.

What sets Cashew Village apart is its commitment to remaining firmly rooted within local communities, resisting the common practice of selling raw materials to Vietnamese traders.

Phearum, who originally hails from Battambang province, strongly believes that by processing cashews locally, Cambodia retains the value of its crop and ensures that high-quality products reach consumers promptly.

The process at Cashew Village encompasses various stages, from drying and steaming to peeling and roasting.

Phearum places paramount importance on quality and efficiency.

“I want to assist cashew farmers by establishing a processing factory in their community,” he says.

Phearum explains that he purchases cashew nuts at a price higher than the market, offering US$50 more per tonne of nuts.

One of the most noteworthy aspects of Cashew Village’s evolution is its dedicated focus on community development.

Beyond procuring cashews, the initiative provides extensive training on cashew cultivation, maintenance, pruning and the use of fertilisers, empowering local farmers with the knowledge and skills necessary to enhance their agricultural practices.

The products from Cashew Village have garnered a devoted customer base, both locally and internationally.

“We have showcased our products at exhibitions in South Korea and the US. Customers in both countries show keen interest in cashews roasted in red skin,” Phearum tells The Post.

These efforts not only bolster the local community’s income but also introduce Cambodian products to a global audience, thereby strengthening international relations.

Challenges persist, primarily in the form of Vietnamese products, which flood the Cambodian market with cheaper, lower-quality cashew nuts.

Cashew Village has received support from various organisations, including the UN Development Programme (UNDP) Cambodia and the US Agency for International Development (USAID), which have played instrumental roles in providing assistance, knowledge and resources for its establishment and growth.

“In the past, we only produced two to three tonnes of raw nuts a day. Now we can handle between 15 and 20 tonnes,” says Phearum.

He mentioned that in one season, he purchases between 50 and 100 tonnes of cashew nuts from hundreds of growers.

One of the highlights of Cashew Village is the M23 variety of cashew nuts, known for their larger size and superior taste compared to regular cashews.

The Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries confirmed that the M23 variety holds the potential for larger harvests and better resilience to weather conditions, boasting an average yield of two tonnes per hectare.

Cashew processing operations, like Cashew Village, not only uplift the livelihoods of local residents but also shine a spotlight on Banteay Srei and Phnom Kulen districts as prime areas for cashew planting and processing.

With the market expanding, Cashew Village plans to purchase even more cashew nuts from the community in the coming year.

Hoeur Nith, 45, a cashew farmer in Banteay Srei district with a 50ha contract area, claims that the area produces nuts of particularly high quality.

He initially planted 25ha seven years ago, entering into contracts with landowners to cultivate and harvest cashew nuts for four years before returning the crop to them.

After the initial four-year period, he continued to lease the land, progressively expanding by entering into similar contracts with other landowners.

“I planted both cashews and cassava. Last year, I harvested about 90 tonnes of cashew nuts. This year, due to favourable conditions, the yield may surpass 90 tonnes,” he tells The Post.

In the heart of his lush cashew nut plantation, with the grace of seasoned conductors, Nith and his two staffs diligently monitor the growth and vitality of their cashew trees, ensuring each one thrives under their watchful eyes.

From the moment they plant the seeds to the final harvest, their hands-on approach infuses every stage of cultivation with dedication and expertise.

As the season ripens, Nith and his team take centre stage, orchestrating the grand finale. During the beginning of harvest season from February, cashew nuts sell for 6,000 riel [$1.50] per kilogramme, with prices dropping to 4,000 riel at the height of the harvest, he says.

For the past two years, some of his nuts have been sold to Cashew Village, while the remainder went to Vietnamese brokers.

As Cambodia continues to be a major cashew producer, it is crucial to explore opportunities for domestic processing and export.

Agriculture ministry spokesman Im Rachna highlighted the ministry’s commitment to fostering production in line with the “National Cashew Policy 2022-27”. The policy, formulated by the commerce ministry, aims to establish Cambodia as the “Cashew Emperor”.

According to the CAC, Cambodia exported over 600,000 tonnes of raw cashew nuts to Vietnam in the first 10 months of 2023, less than five per cent of them processed. - The Phnom Penh Post/ANN

https://www.thestar.com.my/aseanplus/as ... ly-by-2027
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Re: Shortage pushes cashew prices up.

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Re: Shortage pushes cashew prices up.

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https://www.khmertimeskh.com/501420104/ ... e-in-2023/

January 9, 2024

Cambodia exported 656,000 tonnes of cashew, earning $837 million in revenue in 2023

Cambodia exported $837 million worth of raw cashew nuts in 2023, a year-on-year decrease of 16.9 percent, according to the Cashew Nut Association of Cambodia’s report on Monday.

The report said the Southeast Asian country exported a total of 656,000 tonnes of the commodity in 2023, representing a year-on-year drop of 7.6 percent in volume.

Some 618,000 tonnes, or 94.2 percent of the commodity, were shipped to neighboring Vietnam, it said.

The association’s president Uon Silot said the decline in export was a good sign for Cambodia’s cashew processing industry because it reflected an increase in the number of cashew nut processing enterprises in the kingdom.

“More local enterprises have purchased raw cashew nuts for processing in the country, which has led to a drop in the exports of the commodity to Vietnam,” he said.

Cashew is among the country’s potential cash crops in addition to rice, rubber, cassava, palm oil, bananas, mangoes, longans, and pepper.

According to the association, the kingdom currently has about 700,000 hectares of cashew plantations in 10 provinces.
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Re: Shortage pushes cashew prices up.

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News about another increase in domestic processing capacity

https://www.khmertimeskh.com/501420730/ ... lue-chain/
Handcrafted Cashew Nut Stung Streng has expanded processing facilities, increased our capital investment to 60 percent compared to last year, and contracted with almost twice the number of farmers.

Another female cashew processor in Kampong Thom, Ms. InLaihourt, has also received support from Harvest III. “We’ve grown from a small to a medium-sized business as we expand our processing facilities. We’ve applied for [food safety] and organic certifications, helping us gain reputation in both local and international markets. As a cashew processor, I have a vision to bring delicious and healthy snacks to Cambodian and international consumers.”

Cambodia ranks among the top 10 producers of cashew nuts in the world, but it only processes 10 percent of its own crop. The remaining 90 percent is exported raw to other countries, mainly Vietnam, where nuts are processed and sold at higher prices to export markets.
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Cashew Marketing Extends to Africa

Post by Roryborealis »

CAC Inks MoU with African Cashew Alliance; Exports Up

The Cashew Nuts Association of Cambodia (CAC), one of the world’s largest producers, has signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with the African Cashew Alliance (ACA) in a move to bolster collaboration in the industry. The partnership aims to enhance the growth and market reach of cashew cultivation, signalling a promising step forward in the global sector. Suy Kokthean, vice-president of the CAC, said on February 4 that the agreement was signed the day before, following the conclusion of the World Cashew Conference in Siem Reap province.

He said the MoU’s objective is to promote cooperation between the parties, facilitating exchange of studies on the commodity from Africa and Cambodia, allowing access to farms and processing facilities in their respective countries, and participating in forums and conferences organised by both.

“The [ACA] is a large alliance. With the MoU signed, we will continue to engage in in-depth discussions to assist cashew growers from both sides in understanding techniques to supply cashew nuts to processing countries like Vietnam and India,” he explained.

Regarding the outcomes for Cambodia and the cashew sector from the three-day conference, Kokthean said that at last year’s gathering, participants were only aware of the reputation of Cambodian cashews. However, at this year’s conference, he noted that over 500 delegates from 40 countries saw firsthand Cambodian cashew varieties with large, high-quality seeds.

“The CAC encouraged foreign investors to consider Cambodia for processing investments. We also led delegates on tours of cashew plantations. This greatly benefits the development of our cashew sector on an international level,” he said.

Kokthean added that Cambodia currently holds about 20% of the world’s raw cashew market share, following Ivory Coast and India.

Pen Sovicheat, spokesperson for the Ministry of Commerce, highlighted the symposium’s importance in showcasing the potential of Cambodian cashews globally.
“The conference brought together domestic and international … participants to discuss and share experiences in promoting the sector, finding markets, organising exhibitions and building a global cashew network,” he said. According to the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, the Kingdom has approximately 472,946ha of cashew cultivation, yielding a total of 709,419 tonnes in 2023.

Last year the country exported around 656,000 tonnes of raw cashew to China, Japan, Bangladesh, India, Vietnam and Thailand. Processed cashew nuts were shipped to China, the Czech Republic, Japan, South Korea, the Netherlands, Vietnam and the US, as per the ministry.

https://www.phnompenhpost.com/national/ ... exports-up
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